TMJ and TMD Treatment

What is TMJ?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint connecting the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull (temporal bone). The lower jaw and the skull are connected by a number of muscles and ligaments, which function in harmony with each other if the lower jaw is in the correct position.  The TM joint resembles a ball and socket and for normal joint function to occur, a piece of cartilage called an articular disc acts as a cushion or shock absorber between the two bones.

What is TMD?

Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) is the condition referring to a joint that is not normal.

The position of your teeth can affect the position of your jaw joints. The articular disc acts as a cushion and allows the joint to move smoothly. Each disc is held in place and guided by muscles and ligaments. If your bite is not right, as in cases where the following may occur: deep overbite, lower jaw too far back, narrow upper jaw or upper front teeth crooked and tipped backwards, this can cause the jaw to become dislocated.

When the disc becomes displaced, it can cause various noises within the jaw joints such as clicking and popping sounds. Any noises or pain while opening and closing the jaw is an indication that the jaw joints have become dislocated.

Our dentists are here to help, and patients are advised to seek treatment as soon as possible to avoid having the problem get worse.